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An Executive Summary Of Endangered Domestic Rabbit Breeds

By Tom Seest

Are Domestic Rabbits Endangered?

The brush rabbit is a rare, endangered species of rabbit that lives in the coastal areas of western North America from the Columbia River in Oregon to the southern Baja California Peninsula. These critters are also known as Cottontail rabbits. They are critically endangered in the wild, but you can help save them by adopting a conservation plan.
The Riparian Brush Rabbit is vulnerable to several diseases, including plague, tularemia, encephalitis, and brucellosis. These diseases are highly contagious and are usually fatal. In addition, plague can be transmitted from one rabbit to another. A plague outbreak in 1966-67 virtually wiped out woodrat populations in the United States. Although the disease is not yet a public health threat, its high mortality rate makes it a serious threat.
Riparian Brush Rabbits require dense brushy cover in order to reproduce. They rarely venture into open areas. In fact, they rarely venture more than three feet from a dense thicket. They will only cross riparian forests with brushy understory. They also have a tendency to climb awkwardly. The litter size of Riparian Brush Rabbits can range from two to five young. Young rabbits remain in the nest for up to two weeks, and their mothers will continue feeding them for another two to three weeks.
The most significant anthropogenic threat to Riparian Brush Rabbits is climate change. Climate change has resulted in more extreme and inconsistent weather patterns. This has led to more floods and droughts. Riparian Brush Rabbits require extensive vegetation that acts as a buffer from floods. However, modern urban and suburban development has reduced the availability of undeveloped brush areas. Hence, breeding projects are necessary to maintain populations.
The population of Riparian Brush Rabbits drops dramatically after major flood events. Basey (1990) estimated that the population of Riparian Brush Rabbits fell to fifteen to twenty individuals during the flooding in 1983. Another survey conducted in the Park in 1988 showed that brush rabbits were still living there during the summer.
The listing of the Riparian Brush Rabbit and riparian woodrat as endangered triggers the development of recovery plans for these two species. These plans set the conservation framework for management efforts and set recovery priorities. They also outline site-specific management actions.

This photo was taken by Joanna Mae Capua and is available on Pexels at https://www.pexels.com/photo/white-rabbit-crawling-on-green-grass-9924207/.
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Are Leporidae Rabbits Endangered?

The European rabbit belongs to the superorder Euarchontoglires, which also includes the rodentia, scadentia, dermoptera, and primates. The family first arose during the late Palaeocene to early Eocene. It is now divided into two families: Lepus and Oryctolagus. They are native to southwestern Europe and Northwest Africa.
The Leporidae family contains ten species. The most common species are the North and South American Cottontails, and the European Rabbit. In South Africa, there are three genera: Bunolagus, Pronolagus, and Pentalagus Furnessi. These species can live anywhere from four to 10 years.
Rabbits have adapted to a wide range of environments and diets. Their ability to obtain nutrients and fast transit to the intestines makes them a great choice for human consumption. In addition to its ability to adapt, the rabbit has evolved an immune system that helps protect it against disease.
In addition to causing serious damage to plants and trees, rabbits cause soil erosion and may even replace native species with weeds. Some species, such as the Amami Rabbit, are also at risk of extinction due to the loss of their habitats. In some countries, the rabbit is even considered an invasive species.
The Sumatran Rabbit has been listed as critically endangered by the IUCN since 1996. Previously thought to be extinct, it was discovered in the Annamite mountains of Laos and Vietnam during the late 1990s. The species is now threatened by habitat loss and agricultural development.
The disease is classified as foreign animal disease and requires quarantine. Currently, there is no cure for the disease, but it can be treated through supportive care. Unfortunately, infected rabbits often die of a disease called rabbit hemorrhagic disease.

This photo was taken by Joe and is available on Pexels at https://www.pexels.com/photo/brown-rabbit-on-green-grass-field-11190748/.
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Are New England Cottontail Rabbits Endangered?

The New England Cottontail Rabbit, also known as the wood hare or gray rabbit, is a species of small, endangered rabbit in New England. It ranges from southern Maine to southern New York. This rabbit has fragmented populations across its range. The species is most common in New England, where it lives in dense forests.
The rabbit is threatened by habitat loss. In New Hampshire, shrublands were abundant, but these have aged into mature forests and no longer support cottontail populations. In addition, human settlement has increased the number of predators. Coyotes and foxes are the most common killers of New England Cottontail Rabbits.
The researchers at UNE are using radio-telemetry to track the rabbits. They will use the devices to track their movements to see if they remain on the trails. A radio-telemetry receiver is placed in a shrub, and beeps indicate that the rabbit is close by.
The New England Cottontail Rabbit is an endangered species in the United States, and its numbers are declining rapidly. It is the only rabbit native to New England east of the Hudson River. In 2006, it was listed as a candidate for Endangered Species Act protection. In 2008, state and federal biologists began a coordinated conservation effort, including the development of a comprehensive science-based conservation strategy for the cottontail.
Due to habitat loss and competition with the Eastern Cottontail, the New England Cottontail Rabbit has experienced dramatic declines in its population. In Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont, the species has been classified as endangered or threatened and is listed as a species of special concern. Earlier, it was common throughout New England and eastern New York. However, these habitats are disappearing because of development.
In New Hampshire, New England Cottontail Rabbits are protected by law and are an important part of the local ecosystem. They are 15 to 17 inches long and are brown or gray in color. They do not change color seasonally. To differentiate the New England Cottontail Rabbit from the Eastern Cottontail, you should look for a black spot between the ears. This black spot is not always visible in Eastern Cottontails.

This photo was taken by Radosław Krupa and is available on Pexels at https://www.pexels.com/photo/a-black-and-brown-rabbit-on-the-ground-11249043/.
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Are Pygmy Rabbits Endangered?

The range of the domestic Pygmy Rabbit is limited to the contiguous Great Basin and adjacent intermountain regions. Its northern and eastern boundaries extend into southeastern Oregon and southwestern Montana and Wyoming. Its southern and western boundaries are in eastern California and central Nevada.
While the wild population of Pygmy Rabbits has increased dramatically in recent years, it is still endangered. The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) has monitored the Pygmy Rabbit population for decades. In the late 80s and early 90s, the population reached a critical low of 16 animals. As a result, the WDFW captured the remaining individuals for captive breeding and reintroduced them to their native range. The first reintroduction efforts took place in 2011 in the lands north of Quincy, Washington.
Several factors have contributed to the Pygmy Rabbit‘s declining numbers. For example, the physical destruction of dense sagebrush in the range has resulted in an inhospitable habitat for the Pygmy Rabbit. The decline in Pygmy Rabbit populations is also attributed to livestock and other disturbances.
Currently, WDFW is working to repopulate the Pygmy Rabbit population in the Columbia Basin. The population is extremely small, and the Pygmy Rabbit is listed as an endangered species under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. The destruction of habitat due to development and conversion to cropland is one of the greatest threats to the population.
Currently, there are fewer than 50 wild Pygmy Rabbits in the United States. In 2001, biologists captured the last wild Pygmy Rabbits in the Columbia Basin. The resulting breeding program has successfully saved the species from extinction. However, the Pygmy Rabbit is now endangered in several locations.
In the Columbia Basin, the Pygmy Rabbit population is in danger of extinction due to development and farming. In 2001, the government declared the Columbia Basin Pygmy Rabbits to be a federally endangered species. Fortunately, biologists and conservation research zoos have been working hard to save the remaining Pygmy Rabbits.

This photo was taken by Farida Najafguliyeva and is available on Pexels at https://www.pexels.com/photo/a-man-on-the-street-sitting-on-bench-10834107/.
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